HELENA — On largely party-line votes, the Republican-controlled House on Tuesday endorsed two bills to cut taxes by more than $120 million dollars over two years.
House Bill 166, by House Majority Leader Keith Regier, R-Kalispell, and HB169, by Rep. Art Wittich, R-Bozeman, now face a final House vote this week before moving over to the Senate.
On the House floor, Republicans pitched the bills as returning excess state tax collections to the people who paid those taxes.
Democrats objected, saying the House should not vote on these bills, but should wait and take a holistic approach after it has seen all other tax cut bills and settled on a revenue estimate.
Regier’s HB166 would permanently cut state income taxes by trimming the tax rates for each bracket of taxable income by one-tenth of 1 percent. For example, it would reduce the top bracket of 6.9 percent on taxable incomes exceeding $13,900 to 6.8 percent.
If enacted, the bill would cut taxes for Montanans by $20 million a year.
Regier said Presidents Kennedy, Reagan and Bush all proposed federal income tax cuts that passed, and the federal government saw large increases in new tax revenue collected.
With its $300 million general fund budget surplus, Montana can afford the tax cuts, he said.
“It’s time the workers of this state receive a tax break,” Regier said.
Rep. Ed Lieser, D-Whitefish, criticized the bill, saying the Legislature instead should consider “fair, targeted tax cuts.”
“I believe we should move forward with this bill until we have clarity with our tax (revenue) projections,” Lieser said, adding: “We have to look at all of the tax policies and bring together the best one we can.”
The vote was 61-39. All Republicans, joined by Great Falls Democratic Reps. Tom Jacobson and Robert Mehlhoff, voted for HB166. All other Democrats opposed it.
Unlike Regier’s bill, Wittich’s HB169 is a one-time tax reduction bill. It would save income taxpayers $50 million in tax years 2015 and 2016 combined by reducing the amount of tax income upon which they are taxed by 0.975 in each year.
Property owners would save $30 million in 2016 through a nonrefundable income tax credit on their property taxes of not more than $100 each.
If the state faces a budget crisis with revenues dropping, the tax cut wouldn’t occur in the second year.
“It protects our fiscal stability, but recognized that the people who paid into the system and paid into it for year and years are entitled to get some of it back,” Wittich said.
Rep. Kathleen Williams, D-Bozeman, opposed the bill, saying: “We need to look at what the effect (of HB169) is on income inequality. We need fair, equitable tax treatment in Montana.”
Jacobson criticized the bill, citing statistics from the Montana Budget and Policy Center that showed that the top 1 percent of Montana taxpayers, those with incomes over $455,000 a year, would receive a tax cut of $2,200 each, while those with incomes $27,000 would receive tax cuts of $12 apiece.
Rep. Greg Hertz, R-Polson, disagreed with Democrats.
“This is a straight forward tax cut, not a wealth distribution bill,” Hertz said. “It’s an across-the-board tax cut.”
The House approved Wittich’s bill on a 59-41 vote, with all Republicans voting for it and all Democrats against it.